What is Osteoporosis?
The primary cause of Vertebral Compression Fracture in the Spine
As we age, our bones get thinner. Osteoporosis is a disease in which bones become very weak and more likely to break. It often develops unnoticed over many years, with no symptoms or discomfort until a bone breaks.
These fractures most often occur in the hip, spine, and wrist. Broken bones are often the result of a fall, although people with osteoporosis can suffer a fracture even when doing simple household tasks or sneezing forcefully. Spine fractures caused by osteoporosis are referred as compression fractures. Although theses fractures can occur anywhere in the spine, they tend to occur in the lower thoracic vertebrae.
Hip fracture is the most serious consequence of osteoporosis. About half the people who break a hip will need to use walkers or canes for the rest of their lives.
An estimated 54 million Americans have either osteoporosis or low bone mass.
Osteoporosis most often occurs in older women, but men are also at risk. One in two women and one in five men over age 65 will break a bone because of osteoporosis.
Being aware of what causes bone loss can help you determine your risk for developing osteoporosis.
Age. Everyone loses bone with age. During your 30s, your body builds less new bone to replace the old bone. Although osteoporosis can strike at any age, older people are at greater risk.
Body size. People with small, thin builds are at risk.
Ethnicity. Osteoporosis can affect anyone, but Caucasian and Asian people are more likely to develop it
Family history. If your family has a history of osteoporosis or broken bones, you are at greater risk for the disease.
Nutrition. Low body weight and poor nutrition, including a diet low in calcium and vitamin D, can make you more prone to bone loss.
Lifestyle. Lack of exercise, smoking, and too much alcohol can make your bones weaker.
Medications. Some medicines, such as steroids, can increase your risk for osteoporosis.
Main Clinical Symptoms of Vertebral Compression Fracture
- Sudden onset of back pain
- An increase of pain intensity while standing or walking
- A decrease in pain intensity while lying on the back
- Limited spinal mobility
- Eventual height loss
- Eventual deformity and disability
A commonly test used for screening osteoporosis is DXA (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry). Blood work can also be done to check biomarkers for bone formation and resorption like NTx, CTx and Dpd, among others. More information about Bone Biomarkers: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/128567-overview.
Treatment and Prevention
The key to preventing osteoporosis is to have a high nutrient and well balanced diet and have an active lifestyle. Calcium and Vitamin D are two essential nutrients that should be part of the diet. However, taking just Vitamin D or Calcium may not be enough as more essential nutrients like Magnesium and Vitamin K are recommended to obtain an adequate absorption of Calcium and Vitamin D. That is why it is important to consult to your doctor before you start taking any supplement. Excessive intake of Calcium can be detrimental for you.
Creating a High impact exercise/Loading therapy plan can be used as an adjunctive therapy to improve bone mass density.
Consumption of Specific Collagen Peptides and Osteoporosis. Clinically proven to promote bone health
A single-center, prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded study showed the potential of FORTIBONE®. Over a period of 12 months, 180 women with reduced bone mass participated in a therapy with daily intake of 5 g FORTIBONE® or placebo. Changes in bone mass density were measured in the spine and femoral neck of the participants detected by DXA scans.
FORTIBONE® consumption showed a significant improvement of bone density. The results showed a pronounced increase in BMD (Bone Mineral Density) after FORTIBONE® supplementation in women suffering from osteopenia or osteoporosis. The results indicate an anabolic effect. FORTIBONE® is an interesting option to counteract bone degeneration. https://www.gelita.com/en/products/collagen-peptides/fortibone